Indica and sativa have different traits that go beyond just the physical. Here, we’ll go over the differences between each of these and why they’re so important
The differences themselves
There are differences in the physical nature of an Indica and sativa plant. Sativa tends to be taller with a more laxly branched manner, and the leaves tend to be narrower. The indica ones are shorter with a cone shape and the leaves are a bit wider too The difference between both of these are mostly based because of the geographical places they come from.
Sativa of course is more native to the tropical and warmer climates and is found in Africa, Thailand, Colombia, Vietnam, and also Mexico too. They usually tend to be a bit more larger in terms of spacing, the leaves are narrower, and the buds are wispy because they need to adapt to the hot and humid climates and offers protection that they otherwise may not get from these pests and mold too. Sativa tends to be a bit taller too and are better for growing outdoors. Indica are better for indoor growing and are better suited for colder climates.
The flowering differences
There are also differences in the flowering that happen as well. Indica plants don’t really try to grow tall, but instead they try to get a bit of height but work to create a more dense sort of bush like canopy there. Sativa plants try to stretch a bit to get more light to themselves. The light cycle changes as well triggers what’s called a hormonal cascade that makes them shoot up directly to the light. The flowering part of this causes plants to grow twice in size, and when planted in containers that are large, they grow up to 3 meters and so much more.
On the flip side, indica plants are more colder, dryer, and sit well in mountainous areas, including in Nepal, in India, and of course in other colder places, where the summers tend to be shorter and colder.
To deal with the cold conditions, they usually are denser, and their flowering times are usually shorter too. That’s because they’re better suited to handle more hardy temperatures. They also are very easy to manipulate too and they can also produce buds that are thick too, and usually are able to flower a lot faster over smaller periods of time compared to the sativa plants.
The Leaf differences
The leaves are probably the most obvious, with the indica being fanlike and the Sativa ones having smaller and thinner fingers that are longer too. Many cultivars however notice the difference in the s stature of this alone, with indica being more stocky and shrubby, whereas the sativa ones are lankier with a lot more space in between the nodes. The flowers also are a bit different too, with the sativa buds being a bit longer and usually fluffier and thinner, and usually offer more material because of the less density to them. Indica buds tend to be a bit more firm and compact too.
Finally, there is also an aroma and taste that comes with this too. While the terpenes are usually the ones that underpin how much of a taste is from this, the strain actually has different ratios that come from this. In general, though, indica tends to be sweeter and richer, with a more fruity taste, whereas sativa tends to be more earthy sort of flavors. Overall though, indica and sativa are just two was to determine the difference between different cannabis plants out there.